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Multi-Country Projects: Testing Modified CLTS for Scalability

Donor: Bill and Melinda Gates Foundation
Grant Amount: $7,080,753
Project Dates: October 2011 to September 2015
Technical Areas Covered: Community Led Total Sanitation (CLTS)


Project Summary:

Plan’s “Testing Modified CLTS for Scalability” project aims to advance rural sanitation efforts in Kenya, Ethiopia, Ghana, and worldwide by improving the cost-effectiveness and scalability of the CLTS approach through increased engagement of local actors. This goal will be achieved by collecting, critically evaluating, and disseminating practical lessons learned about overcoming common challenges to implementing CLTS at scale, based on applied research from pilot interventions in Kenya, Ghana, and Ethiopia that are embedded in broader knowledge generation activities. In line with the CLTS approach, the proposed project applies community-led solutions to address both demand for and supply of sanitation, to help communities eliminate open defecation and maintain and improve sanitation status over time.

The proposed project will be led by Plan with key support from the Water Institute at UNC (UNC) and local implementing partners, and will be achieved through three integrated objectives:

  • Plan and UNC will design and implement applied research pilot projects that test solutions to locally-relevant global CLTS scaling challenges in Ethiopia, Ghana, and Kenya. Plan International has implemented CLTS for several years in each of these countries; based on this knowledge and analysis of existing barriers to implementation at scale, the pilots were designed to address three strategic challenges. The proposed project applies experimental research standards and deliberate project design guidelines to test modified CLTS methodologies for local actor engagement that address these challenges, in a manner that will allow the partners to evaluate, document, and disseminate its experiences and innovations.
  • The collection of knowledge, tools, and lessons learned is a central activity of the project, and will be conducted with the extensive support of researchers at UNC. This will include the systematic capture and evaluation of results from the pilot interventions, supplemented by innovations and expertise from Plan International’s global CLTS experience. UNC will also support Plan in conducting a broad literature review, and collecting and developing standardized metrics for sanitation programming.
  • We will disseminate the knowledge collected and the results of the research pilots to internal and external practitioners and researchers in the sanitation sector. Specific dissemination activities will include publication of research pilot results, exchange visits among pilot countries, publication of knowledge collected (leading practices, methods, tools, case studies, etc.) through both traditional publications and web-based resources, and coordination of learning events at the regional and global levels.