Source: UNICEF: The State of the World's Children Report
Population: 10,033,000 (2009)
National language: French, Creole
Per capita income: US$ 660/year (2008)
Life expectancy: 61 (2009)
% of population using
improved drinking water sources: 63% (2008)
% of population using
adequate sanitation facilities: 17% (2008)
Under 5 Mortality Rate: 87/1,000 live births (2009)
Haiti, located on the western end of Hispaniola, is slightly smaller than Maryland. It's bordered to the east by the Dominican Republic.
Formerly a French colony with a substantial slave population, an 1804 revolt led by Toussaint L’Ouverture made Haiti the first independent black republic. However, decades of poverty, environmental degradation, violence, instability and dictatorship have left it as the poorest nation in the Western Hemisphere. These existing challenges were heightened significantly by the 7.0 magnitude earthquake that struck in January 2010, killing more than 230,000 people and rendering over 1.6 million homeless.
Plan is the third largest international non-governmental organization in Haiti and has been working there since 1979, implementing programs in education, health, HIV and AIDS, and youth economic empowerment. With over 140 staff working in 92 communities in Haiti, Plan’s unrivalled community presence and strong linkages with local groups and authorities means that we are well-placed to respond to disasters, such as the 2010 earthquake.
Except in emergency situations, Plan does not provide direct assistance. Instead, we help communities develop, grow and, ultimately, support themselves.
Hear from the children
An essential part of Plan's work is empowering children to discuss the issues that matter to them and to take part in decisions that affect their lives. To help you learn about these issues, the children in Plan communities have put together a series of publications called "See Our World": Read what the children have to say about their lives.
| Sophia is Determined to Achieve Her Dream |
| Haiti: Three Years Later|
| Rising Above the Rubble to Realize Her Dream|
| Progress in Haiti Three Years After the Earthquake|