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Ethiopia, Ghana, Kenya, and Worldwide: Testing Community-led Total Sanitation Approaches for Scalability

Plan International USA’s Testing CLTS Approaches for Scalability research project aims to advance rural sanitation efforts in Kenya, Ethiopia, Ghana, and worldwide by improving the cost-effectiveness and scalability of the Community-Led Total Sanitation (CLTS) approach through increased engagement of local actors.

Research Reports

This goal will be achieved by collecting, critically evaluating, and disseminating practical lessons learned about overcoming common challenges to implementing CLTS at scale, based on applied research from pilot interventions in Kenya, Ghana, and Ethiopia that are embedded in broader knowledge generation activities. In line with the CLTS approach, the proposed project applies community-led solutions to address both demand for and supply of sanitation, to help communities eliminate open defecation and maintain and improve sanitation status over time.

The proposed project will be led by Plan with key support from the Water Institute at the University of North Carolina (UNC) and local implementing partners.

Bill and Melinda Gates Foundation
Project Start Date
October 2011
Project End Date
September 2015
Technical Areas Covered
Community-Led Total Sanitation (CLTS)