The Building Back Better in Tacloban: Post Haiyan Community Rehabilitation Project was designed as a 13-month project supporting the community rebuilding efforts of residents of Area 4 (Barangays 62 and 62-A) in Tacloban City who were affected by the devastation brought to the Eastern Visayas region of the Philippines by Super Typhoon Haiyan. The project sought to help Area 4 to “build back better” through improved shelter and water, sanitation, and hygiene (WASH) facilities, complemented by integrated Disaster Risk Reduction (DRR) and Protection mechanisms.
Tacloban City, including the neighborhoods comprising Area 4 (Barangays 62 and 62A), was one of the areas most affected by Typhoon Haiyan. Area 4, which has a total population of 6,079, was assessed as having experienced “extensive” damage during Haiyan by the U.S. Government’s National Geo-Spatial Intelligence Agency. The local government of Tacloban also reported that, within Area 4, 615 houses were “totally damaged,” while 674 were “partially damaged” by Haiyan. Barangays 62 and 62A in Area 4 are two densely-packed urban neighborhoods, which are populated by a mix of resident plot owners, renters, and “squatters” (i.e., residents lacking title or tenure rights on the plots they occupy). Emphasis areas for the project included the following: (1) innovative approaches to provide shelter in a space-constrained environment in which many lack tenure rights; (2) maximizing the space available for settlement through reclamation of flood-prone areas; and (3) a focus on integration of community-strengthening “software” interventions including Protection and Disaster Risk Reduction (DRR) interventions. Applying an integrated approach to community rehabilitation, the project sought to make Area 4 a model for other areas to emulate in seeking to build back better in the wake of Typhoon Haiyan.
The project aimed to provide transitional shelter assistance to 1,289 households (6,079 persons) whose houses were officially listed as totally or partially damaged. In addition, the project also rehabilitated household-level toilets, hand washing facilities, septic systems, drinking water points, and improvement of safe sources of water. Community mechanisms to address gender-based violence (GBV), disaster risk reduction (DRR) training, and child-friendly spaces and services were also established.
The primary objectives of the project were to: (1) support improved Shelter solutions for community rehabilitation; (2) support improved household and community WASH conditions; (3) support Protection activities for vulnerable community members; and (4) foster a culture of Disaster Risk Reduction and preparedness within a rehabilitated community.
By the end of the project, 2,432 households had received transitional shelter assistance, which is approximately 189 percent of the project target of 1,289. A total of 363 (121 percent) of the targeted 300 transitional shelters were built, and 908 (102.14 percent) of the targeted 889 shelters were repaired. 43 host families and 53 hosted families, with some families hosting more than one family, were provided with hosting support. 212 households benefitted from the land rental assistance that aims to formalize settlements and reduce cases of informal settler (“squatter”) families and insecure tenure status.
In support of the second objective, a total of 8,079 individuals received direct hygiene promotion, representing 133 percent of the project target of 6,079. 635 household latrines were completed, representing 103.2 percent of the project target of 615 HH latrines. For hand washing facilities, 630 were rehabilitated, representing 102.43 percent of the 615 target. The project has also delivered a total of 668 household septic systems developed, repaired, and/or rehabilitated, which is 89 percent of the 750 target. 83 households, with 335 individual members, from Barangay 62-A, and 76 households, with 249 individual members, from Barangay 62 had clean water connected to their homes.
Protection activities resulted in training of 1,069 individuals (839 women and 230 men) in Child Protection, which significantly exceeded the project’s target of 20 individuals. The project also revitalized the Barangay Committee for the Protection of the Child (BCPC) in both barangays. In fact, these two Committees were the first two in Tacloban City to meet the new, higher standards for BCPCs promulgated by the Government of the Philippines.
Finally, to foster a culture of Disaster Risk Reduction and preparedness within a rehabilitated community, a total of 1,054 individuals participated in DRR training (210 percent of the project target of 500 individuals), with 75 percent of trainees retaining DRR knowledge two months after training; and a total of 4,283 secondary and elementary school students and teachers participated in school-based disaster preparedness drills (earthquake drill with evacuation).
- USAID’s Office of United States Foreign Disaster Assistance (OFDA)
- Project Start Date
- February 2014
- Project End Date
- June 2015
- Technical Areas Covered
- Early Recovery: Shelter & Settlements; Water, Sanitation, and Hygiene (WASH); Disaster Risk Reduction (DRR); and Protection (Child Protection and Gender-Based Violence)